UpdatedTuesday December 22, 2015 byCheryl Erickson.

The best method of management is prevention 

  • Dress in layers.
  • Cover the head to prevent excessive heat loss from the head and neck.
  • Stay dry by wearing a wicking fabric next to the body and a breathable, water repellent outer layer.
  • Stay adequately hydrated.
  • Eat regular meals.
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine and nicotine.
  • Educate participants, coaches, officials and administrators in recognition of cold-related illnesses.
  • Consider cancellation of athletic events if weather conditions warrant.
  • If unsure whether an athlete is hypothermic, err on the side of caution and treat accordingly. 

Figure 1: Wind Chill Index